Colletti says the common names of moss species often vary. All mosses, she explains, are either Acrocarpous or Pleurocarpous, terms that describe the plants' growth patterns. Acrocarpous types grow upright, like this Dicranum mood moss, while Pleurocarpous types have a prostrate habit, like sheet moss (Hypnum). Dicranum moss is also known as mood moss or rock cap moss.
Reindeer moss, Colletti says, "does not have fine, hairlike strands like Spanish moss; it moves more freely in one piece." She uses a short stake to arrange it in terrariums. Reindeer moss is actually a lichen, not a true moss, and it's available in dyed pink, blue, purple, red and other colors.
Colletti says growing moss in a terrarium can be a challenge, because there's a lot of moisture and little air circulation. She prefers open-topped containers. Climacium americanum (commonly called lobe-leaved tree moss) and Hedwigia ciliata (fringed hoar-moss) work well in any kind of container, she says. Leucobryum glaucum (pincushion moss) and Cladonia rangiferina (reindeer moss, actually a lichen) are best used in open containers. In this image, sheet moss surrounds other small plants.
Club moss (Lycopodium) is a creeping moss that prefers cool temperatures and low to moderate light. It thrives in rich, moist soil, if given good air circulation. Mosses have many different characteristics; choose from types with fine foliage, soft textures, flat or arching branches, and colors that include green, red, bronze-mahogany, and blue iridescence.
Colletti has often visited the John P. Humes Japanese Stroll Garden in Locust Valley, on Long Island, for ideas and inspiration on designing with moss. If you're growing moss in containers inside your home, you may find it needs more light than you'd expect, she says, because sun coming through a window is less intense than outdoors. Living moss also needs adequate water and air circulation.
Sheet moss (Hypnum) is often wrapped around the roots of terrarium plants to help retain moisture and/or soil, Colletti says. It's also attractive. This cloche design features a Staghorn fern (Platycerium grande) wrapped Kokedama-style; Kokedama means “moss ball.”
Save yourself a ton of time explaining what each platter is by marking your mobile culinary creations with moss, toothpicks and tiny paper flags. Here, guests can easily find what they're looking for thanks to the flags and bold green tone of the moss.
In this arrangement, mounds of dried moss hold their shape among other plants growing around it. "You can think of (dried moss) as a display prop to showcase" other plants, Colletti says, since it doesn't need water. The plants in this terrarium include a red-veined Fittonia and a ‘Pink Star’ Cryptanthus. The moss with dark branches is Selaginella 'Ruby Red'.
To keep a wedding design cohesive, Kim Lettier, of Lettier Event Planning Studio, carries some elements of the focal point (here, it's a floral centerpiece) into other areas. "Accent pieces such as candles should complement the focal point but not compete with it," she adds. “The design of the vessel itself should also fit in with the overall look. In this case I wrapped moss around the vessels because its traditional look interfered with the organic and vintage feel of the design.” Florist: The Green Flamingo.
Selaginella moss, also known as peacock moss, is nestled in a decorative container. This variety of moss likes moist soil and high humidity, says Karin Jeffcoat, owner of Cote Designs. When planting into containers with no drainage, she lines bottom with pea gravel. Placing plants with their pots into the container allows her to water them individually. She also adds water to the bottom of the container to allow for humidity.
Instead of the basic round wreath, try a square version this holiday season. Add organic texture and bold green flair to the wreath form by covering it with moss. Punch up the contrast with faux cranberries or small glass ornaments.
The star attraction in this bathroom is the lush green wall of moss. But the chrome covered bathtub is a cool accompaniment and, in the shower, scale-like tiles are one more subtle layer of interesting texture.
Cut your sheet moss to fit your teacup or coffee mug. Place your sheet moss in a bowl of water and allow the moss to get completely wet. After filling your container with potting soil, leave about 1/8 inch from the top of your container for the sheet moss.