Shrubs can be fertilized in early spring and most can be fed again, more lightly, in autumn. But wait about a month after the first fall frost, so you don’t stimulate new growth that will be killed back in cold weather. Shown here: Rhododendron 'Amy Cotta'
Along with their unique attributes, heirloom plants have the power to bring generations together. My grown children learned to make fruit preserves from their great-great-grandmother’s fig bush, and now they each have a “start” of the original tree in their own gardens.
Caring for peonies starts with choosing the right planting spot and making sure soil is exceptionally healthy. Once you take care of that, maintaining healthy plants depends on the basics: watering and fertilizing peonies. Less frequent chores, like deadheading peonies after flowering and cutting back peonies in fall are not demanding tasks but play a key role in keeping this perennial productive.
In the Shrub Garden, spring tiptoes softly across the landscape, revealed in the softly tinted new leaves of a Japanese maple or the bright blooms of an azalea. Massive curves accentuate Shrub Garden planting beds, creating carefully crafted views. “The basic design features double rows of shrubs fronted with an iris or peony or something that’s going to help hide stems of a large shrub,” Andes explains.
Container gardens add splashes of portable color to outdoor settings, but if you love pots of color, you also know it can take daily attention to keep plants looking their best. One way to expedite the care routine is to fill your containers with shrubs that deliver strong color for the entire growing season. Shrubs typically need less grooming than annuals and do their thing as long as you water. This pair of shrubs features Bangle Dyers greenwood (Genista lydia) and Black Lace elderberry (Sambucus nigra ‘Eva’). Both of these shrubs flower in spring, but the leaves bring strong color and texture all season long.
Few plants symbolize fragrance like roses. This group of plants features shrubs, climbers, miniatures—and all sorts of other wonderful types. Flower color runs the gamut, including white, deep burgundy (almost black), lemon yellow and a host of other hues. Which roses are most fragrant? A few that have stood the test of time include ‘Autumn Damask’ (Zones 5-9), ‘Madame Isaac Pereire’ (Zones 6-9), ‘Double Delight’ (Zones 3-9), ‘Mister Lincoln' (Zones 5-9) and ‘Roseraie de l’Hay’ (Zones 3-9).
Why we love it: Butterfly bush is a winner in any color with its nectar-rich blooms that bedazzle butterflies. ‘Miss Ruby’ takes the game to a whole new level with her deep pink flowers. Butterfly bush is low maintenance and easy growing. In regions with freezing winters, prune in spring, cutting back to 6 to 12 inches tall.
Trade in traditional green beans for a colorful shade of purple with ‘Royal Burgundy’ bush beans. These beauties offer a green interior, which makes for a stunning raw salad. Cooked, the purple fades to typical green bean hues.
Evergreen shrubs bring a winter landscape to life. When the snow falls, take time to notice plantings around you, noting evergreen forms that you like. A mix of needle types and broadleaf evergreens creates a striking winter scene that also looks good in other seasons.
Pruning causes plants to produce new growth, which is tender and highly vulnerable to freezing temperatures. Wait to prune shrubs, including butterfly bush and caryopteris, until spring, when all danger of frost has passed. At that point you can remove any winter killed branches. In future years, aim to get pruning done by late August, so plants have time to harden off before freezes arrive.